Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Medical Students Regarding Vitamin D

  • Ruqqaya Juanid
  • Saadia Feroz
  • Aashi Mughal
Keywords: Vitamin D, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Sun exposure.


Background: Recent studies document inadequate awareness about vitamin D even among the doctors. Objective: This research was organized to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of medical students who will be the future doctors then.
Methods: It is a descriptive cross-sectional type of study, which has been carried out from August 2017 to January 2018 on 340 medical students of Rawalpindi Medical University, selected through systematic random sampling. A valid questionnaire (D-KAP-38) was taken from a study conducted in Tehran was used which consisted of 38 questions. Section A and B of the questionnaire consisted of general and nutritional knowledge questions while section C and D consisted of questions regarding attitude and practice. SPSS version 23 was utilized for analyzing data. Statistical significance was determined using Chi square test.
Results: Male and female participants were almost equal. Majority (57%) belonged to the age group 21- 23 years. Moreover, majority (44%) had per month family income Rs. 50,000 to 1 lac. About 54% students had good general knowledge with greater proportion (65.6%) in age group 24 years (p=0.7). About 47% students had good nutritional knowledge with higher percentage in males than females (p=0.01). About 33% participants had good attitude with higher proportion in females than males (p=0.01). Only 8.8% students had good practice with females being more practicing(p=0.00).
Conclusion: Findings show average knowledge and attitude and poor practice. This is quite alarming considering the fact that study population consists of medical students.

How to Cite
Juanid R, Feroz S, Mughal A. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Medical Students Regarding Vitamin D. JRMC [Internet]. 14Dec.2019 [cited 19Oct.2021];23(S-2). Available from: