Prevalence of Bacterial Vaginosis in Females of Child-Bearing Age and Utility of pH and Whiff Test in Diagnosis

  • Fakhur Uddin Department of Microbiology, BMSI, JPMC, Karachi
  • Faiza Zeeshan
  • Rakhshinda Younus
  • Haleema Yasmin
  • Saima Bugti
  • Arsalan Hassan
Keywords: Bacterial vaginosis, Child-bearing age, pH test, Whiff test.

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis among females of reproductive age and assessment of the effectiveness of pH and the Whiff test in its diagnosis.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 100 subjects were included, coming with a complaint of vaginal discharge. The bacterial vaginosis was diagnosed by using the Nugent scoring system, Whiff and pH tests. The prevalence was calculated by descriptive statistics and using the Chi-square test and results were shown in percentages and mean with standard deviation.

Results: The estimated prevalence of bacterial vaginosis among the local population of females of child-bearing age was found to be 39%. The mean age of females with bacterial vaginosis was 33.33±10.46 years. The Whiff test was positive in 89.74% cases, while pH was elevated in 94.87% females with bacterial vaginosis.

Conclusion: Bacterial vaginosis is a frequent cause of vaginal discharge in females of reproductive age in Pakistan. The diagnosis can be easily made by using Whiff and pH tests even at resource-poor settings.

 

Published
2020-03-28
How to Cite
1.
Uddin F, Zeeshan F, Younus R, Yasmin H, Bugti S, Hassan A. Prevalence of Bacterial Vaginosis in Females of Child-Bearing Age and Utility of pH and Whiff Test in Diagnosis. JRMC [Internet]. 28Mar.2020 [cited 25Oct.2020];24(1):51-6. Available from: https://www.journalrmc.com/index.php/JRMC/article/view/1067