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Incidence Of Hypoparathyroidism After Total Thyroidectomy for Benign Goitres. A Systematic Review

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Ghani MT, Haq HMI ul, Rehman IU, Malik HA. Incidence Of Hypoparathyroidism After Total Thyroidectomy for Benign Goitres. A Systematic Review . JRMC [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 24 [cited 2024 Apr. 16];27(2). Available from: http://www.journalrmc.com/index.php/JRMC/article/view/2058

Abstract

Objective:  systematic review assessed the overall incidence of hypoparathyroidism after Total thyroidectomy (TT) for benign goitres.

Methods: A systematic search of PubMed, google scholar, Cochrane, and Pakmedinet under PRISMA (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and Meta-analyses) guidelines was performed. All studies during the last 50 years where TT was performed for benign goitres and post-operative hypoparathyroidism was assessed were included.  The total incidence of both transient and permanent hypoparathyroidism was calculated after TT for benign goitres. The risk of bias was also assessed.

Results: Twelve studies were included in total including eight retrospective, three prospective observational studies, and one randomized trial. Three studies were from Turkey, 2 from Pakistan, 2 from Greece, and one each from Saudi Arabia, India, Denmark, Egypt, and the USA. 2809 TT were performed for benign goitres. Overall Transient hypoparathyroidism (THP) was noted in 290 (10%) patients while permanent hypoparathyroidism (PHP) was noted in 33(1.17%) patients. The highest incidence of permanent hypoparathyroidism was 17% in one study while the lowest was 0% in three studies. The highest incidence of transient hypoparathyroidism was 28.5% in one study while the lowest incidence was 2.5%. The risk of bias was high.

Conclusion: TT for benign goitres is associated with 1.17 % overall risk (range 0%-17%) of PHP and 10% (range 2.5%-28.5%) of THP.

https://doi.org/10.37939/jrmc.v27i2.2058

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