Impact of Body Weight on Self-Esteem among Undergraduate Young Adult Students of Doctor of Physiotherapy, Karachi
Objectives: To determine the recurrence of body disappointment, loss of control and self- related wellbeing in interpose the relationship among body weight and impairments in self-esteem among students of Doctor of Physiotherapy (DPT) in both campuses of IPMR of DUHS, Karachi.
Material and Methods: The research was among youthful understudies of the two sexes (boys and girls) of Doctor of Physiotherapy in both campuses of IPMR of Dow University of Health Sciences (DUHS), Karachi. Concluded an overview through the questionnaire (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale according to the sample size of 298 computed through online programming Open Epi. The survey was acknowledged globally and it was standardized questionnaire. The data was assembled by figuring the BMI among body weight understudies of (DPT) and to check the level of self-esteem by Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The survey conducted from January 2019 to February 2019.
Results: Normal weight was adjusted to 18.50 till 24.90 – a total of 81 respondents, Overweight was adjusted to 25.00 till 29.90 of 35 respondents, obese category was adjusted to 30.00 or more a total of 17 respondents were adjudged to be in this category as per weigh ranges BMI. After analyzing the Chi-Square tabulation, it was found that the highest self-esteem was found in the normal weight BMI category respondents followed by the overweight category and the lowest self-esteem was found in obese category. As the table shows that girls have more self-esteem as compared to the boys, although the girl’s respondents are more so than boys are.
Conclusion: It has been conclude that the proportion of the highest self-esteem were found in the normal weight BMI category respondents followed by the overweight category and the lowest self-esteem was found in obese category.
Keywords: Body Mass Index, Stress, Obesity, Body image, Depression and Self-esteem.
 Luecking CT, Noar SM, Dooley RM, Gizlice Z, Ammerman AS. Impact of weight of the nation community screenings on obesity-related beliefs. American journal of preventive medicine. 2017 Mar 1;52(3):S315-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2016.08.037
 Weinberger N-A, Kersting A, Riedel-Heller SG, Luck-Sikorski C. Body dissatisfaction in individuals with obesity compared to normal-weight individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity facts. 2016;9(6):424-41. https://doi.org/10.1159/000454837
 Murray M, Pearson JL, Dordevic AL, Bonham MP. The impact of multicomponent weight management interventions on quality of life in adolescents affected by overweight or obesity: a meta‐analysis of randomized controlled trials. Obesity Reviews. 2019 Feb;20(2):278-89. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12774
 Tirlea L, Bonham M, Dordevic A, Bristow C, Day K, Brennan L, Haines T, Murray M. Measuring Self-Esteem Changes in Children and Adolescents Affected by Overweight or Obesity: A Scoping Review of Instruments Currently Used in Multicomponent Weight-Management Interventions. Childhood Obesity. 2019 Dec 1;15(8):485-501. https://doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0058
 Araghi MH, Jagielski A, Neira I, Brown A, Higgs S, Thomas GN, Taheri S. The complex associations among sleep quality, anxiety-depression, and quality of life in patients with extreme obesity. Sleep. 2013 Dec 1;36(12):1859-65. https://doi.org/10.5665/sleep.3216
 Murray M, Dordevic AL, Bonham MP. Systematic review and meta-analysis: the impact of multicomponent weight management interventions on self-esteem in overweight and obese adolescents. Journal of pediatric psychology. 2017 May 1;42(4):379-94. https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsw101
 Stokes R, Frederick-Recascino C. Women's perceived body image: relations with personal happiness. Journal of Women & Aging. 2003 Feb 1;15(1):17-29. https://doi.org/10.1300/J074v15n01_03
 Papadopoulos S, Brennan L. Correlates of weight stigma in adults with overweight and obesity: A systematic literature review. Obesity. 2015 Sep;23(9):1743-60. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21187
 Poole KL, Schmidt LA, Saigal S, Boyle MH, Morrison KM, Van Lieshout RJ. Trajectories of self-esteem in extremely low birth weight survivors through adulthood. Journal of applied developmental psychology. 2018 May 1;56:35-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2018.02.003
 Phelan SM, Burgess DJ, Puhl R, Dyrbye LN, Dovidio JF, Yeazel M, et al. The adverse effect of weight stigma on the well-being of medical students with overweight or obesity: Findings from a national survey. Journal of general internal medicine. 2015 Sep;30(9):1251-8.https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-015-3266-x
 Alvani S, Hosseini S, Kimura L. Relationship between Body Weight and Self Esteem: A Study of Young Men and Women in Iran. Journal of Obesity and Overweight. 2016:16-9.
 Almenara CA, Ježek S. The source and impact of appearance teasing: an examination by sex and weight status among early adolescents from the Czech Republic. Journal of school health. 2015 Mar;85(3):163-70. https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12236
 Bourdier L, Orri M, Carre A, Gearhardt A, Romo L, Dantzer C, et al. Are emotionally driven and addictive-like eating behaviors the missing links between psychological distress and greater body weight? Appetite. 2018Jan 1;120:536-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2017.10.013
 Palmeira L, Pinto-Gouveia J, Cunha M. The role of weight self-stigma on the quality of life of women with overweight and obesity: A multi-group comparison between binge eaters and non-binge eaters. Appetite. 2016 Oct 1;105:782-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2016.07.015
 Rey O, Vallier J-M, Nicol C, Mercier C-S, Maïano C. Effects of combined vigorous interval training program and diet on body composition, Physical fitness, and physical self-perceptions among obese adolescent boys and girls. Pediatric exercise science. 2017 Feb 1;29(1):73-83. https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.2016-0105
 Gaddad P, Pemde HK, Basu S, Dhankar M, Rajendran S. Relationship of physical activity with body image, self esteem sedentary lifestyle, body mass index and eating attitude in adolescents: A cross-sectional observational study. Journal of family medicine and primary care. 2018 Jul;7(4):775 https://dx.doi.org/10.4103%2Fjfmpc.jfmpc_114_18
 Pemde HK. Body Image in Adolescents–A Clinical Issue. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2015 Dec 1;82(12):1086-8.https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-015-1901-5
 Voelker DK, Reel JJ, Greenleaf C. Weight status and body image perceptions in adolescents: current perspectives. Adolescent health, medicine and therapeutics. 2015;6:149. https://dx.doi.org/10.2147%2FAHMT.S68344
 Smink FR, van Hoeken D, Dijkstra JK, Deen M, Oldehinkel AJ, Hoek HW. Self‐esteem and peer‐perceived social status in early adolescence and prediction of eating pathology in young adulthood. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 2018 Aug 1;51(8):852-62. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22875
 Sonneville KR, Thurston IB, Milliren CE, Gooding HC, Richmond TK. Weight misperception among young adults with overweight/obesity associated with disordered eating behaviors. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 2016Oct;49(10):937-46.https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22565
 del Mar Bibiloni M, Coll JL, Pich J, Pons A, Tur JA. Body image satisfaction and weight concerns among a Mediterranean adult population. BMC public health. 2017 Dec;17(1):1-1.https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3919-7
 Hill A, Williams J. Psychological health in a non-clinical sample of obese women. International Journal of Obesity. 1998 Jun;22(6):578-83.https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0800631
 Stice E, Presnell K, Shaw H, Rohde P. Psychological and behavioral risk factors for obesity onset in adolescent girls: a prospective study. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology. 2005 Apr;73(2):195.https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/0022-006X.73.2.195
 Frost J, McKelvie S. Self-esteem and body satisfaction in male and female elementary school, high school, and university students. Sex roles. 2004 Jul;51(1):4554.https://doi.org/10.1023/B:SERS.0000032308.90104.c6
 Sahlstein E, Allen M. Sex differences in self-esteem: A meta-analytic assessment. Interpersonal communication research: Advances through meta-analysis. 2002:59-72.
Grossbard JR, Lee CM, Neighbors C, Larimer ME. Body image concerns and contingent self-esteem in male and female college students. Sex roles. 2009 Feb 1;60(3-4):198-207.https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-008-9535-y
 Phelan SM, Burgess DJ, Puhl R, Dyrbye LN, Dovidio JF, Yeazel M, et al. The adverse effect of weight stigma on the well-being of medical students with overweight or obesity: Findings from a national survey. Journal of general internal medicine. 2015;30(9):12518https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-015-3266-x
Copyright (c) 2022 Anum Naz, Farhan Ishaque, Samreen Yasmeen, Erum Naz, Rida Afzal, Fazila Khan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
All research articles published in the Journal of Rawalpindi Medical College (JRMC) are fully open access: immediately freely available to read, download, and share. Copyrights of all articles published in JRMC are retained by the authors. First publication rights are granted to JRMC. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work.
All articles are published under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-SA 4.0) license.